Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
What is Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
What vitamin is Riboflavin? Riboflavin is a B vitamin. It can be found in particular foods such as milk, meat, eggs, nuts, enriched flour, and green vegetables. Riboflavin is regularly made use of in combination with other B vitamins in vitamin B complex items. Vitamin B complex usually includes vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin/niacinamide), vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), and folic acid. However, some items do not include all these components and some may include others, such as biotin, para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), choline bitartrate, and inositol.
Riboflavin is used for avoiding low levels of riboflavin (riboflavin shortage), cervical cancer, and migraine headaches. It is likewise utilized for treating riboflavin shortage, acne, muscle pains, burning feet syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome, and blood disorders such as congenital methemoglobinemia and red blood cell aplasia. Some people utilize riboflavin for eye conditions consisting of eye tiredness, cataracts, and glaucoma.
Other uses consist of increasing energy levels; enhancing body immune system function; maintaining healthy hair, skin, mucous membranes, and nails; slowing aging; enhancing athletic performance; promoting healthy reproductive function; canker sores; memory loss, including Alzheimer’s condition; ulcers; burns; alcohol addiction; liver condition; sickle cellanemia; and dealing with lactic acidosis caused by treatment with a class of AIDS medications called NRTI drugs.
How does it work?
Riboflavin is needed for the appropriate advancement and function of the skin, lining of the digestion tract, blood cells, and many other parts of the body.
Avoiding and treating riboflavin deficiency and conditions related to riboflavin shortage.
Vitamin B2 Foods
Foods high in Riboflavin consist of maker’s yeast, almonds, organ meats, whole grains, wheat germ, wild rice, mushrooms, soybeans, milk, yogurt, eggs, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and spinach. Flours and cereals are typically strengthened with riboflavin.
Riboflavin is ruined by light, so food should be saved far from light to secure its riboflavin material. While riboflavin is not ruined by heat, it can be lost in water when foods are boiled or soaked. During cooking, roasting, and steaming maintains more riboflavin than frying or scalding.
Vitamin B2 Function
Vitamin B2 Benefits, an eye condition. People who eat more riboflavin as part of their diet seems to have a lower danger of developing cataracts. Likewise, taking supplements consisting of riboflavin plus niacin seems to help avoid cataracts.
High amounts of homocysteine in the blood (hyperhomocysteinemia). Some people are not able to transform the chemical homocysteine into the amino acid methionine. Individuals with this condition, particularly those with low riboflavin levels, have high quantities of homocysteine in the blood. Taking riboflavin for 12 weeks seems to reduce homocysteine levels by up to 40 % in some people with this condition. Also, specific antiseizure drugs can increase homocysteine in the blood. Taking riboflavin in addition to folic acid and pyridoxine appears to reduce homocysteine levels by 26 % in people with high homocysteine levels due to antiseizure drugs.
Migraine headaches. Taking high-dose riboflavin (400 mg/day) appears to substantially minimize the variety of migraine headache attacks. However, taking riboflavin does not appear to minimize the amount of pain or the amount of time a migraine headache lasts. Also, taking lower doses of riboflavin (200 mg/day) does not appear to reduce the number of migraine headache attacks.
Potentially Ineffective for:
Stomach cancer. Taking riboflavin along with niacin does not seem to help avoid gastric cancer.
Malnutrition dued to too little protein in the diet plan (kwashiorkor). Some research study recommends that taking riboflavin, vitamin E, selenium, and N-acetyl cysteine does not lower the accumulation of fluid in the tissues, increase height or weight, or decrease infections in youngsters at danger for kwashiorkor.
Lung cancer. Taking riboflavin along with niacin does not appear to assist prevent lung cancer.
Malaria. Taking riboflavin along with iron, thiamine, and vitamin C does not appear to minimize the number or intensity of malaria infections in children at threat of being exposed to malaria.
High blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia). Taking riboflavin beginning at about 4 months gestation does not seem to decrease the danger of pre-eclampsia.
Inadequate Evidence for:
Lactic acidosis (a severe blood-acid imbalance) in individuals with obtained immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). There is initial scientific proof that riboflavin might work for treating lactic acidosis in patients with gotten immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) caused by drugs called nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI).
Avoiding cervical cancer. There is evidence that enhancing riboflavin intake from nutritional and supplement sources, in addition to thiamine, folic acid, and vitamin B12, might decrease the danger of developing precancerous areas on the cervix.
Cancer of the food pipeline (esophageal cancer). Research on the effects of riboflavin for avoiding esophageal cancer is clashing. Some research study shows that taking riboflavin as a supplement or as part of the diet plan is linked with a reduced danger for esophageal cancer. However, other research study reveals that taking riboflavin, alone or along with calcium or niacin, does not assist prevent esophageal cancer.
Liver cancer. Early research suggests that taking riboflavin together with niacin might minimize the risk of liver cancer in individuals less than 55 years-old. However, it does not seem to minimize the danger of liver cancer in older individuals.
White patches inside the mouth (oral leukoplakia). Early research study suggests that low blood levels of riboflavin are related to an increased risk of oral leukoplakia. Nevertheless, taking riboflavin supplements for 20 months does not seem to avoid or deal with oral leukoplakia.
Iron shortage during pregnancy. Early research suggests that taking riboflavin along with iron and folic acid does not improve iron levels in pregnant women better than taking iron and folic acid.
Sickle cell illness. Early research recommends that taking riboflavin for 8 weeks enhances iron levels in individuals with low iron levels due to sickle cell disease. Nevertheless, riboflavin does not seem to enhance levels of hemoglobin, the iron-containing protein in the blood.
Stroke. Early research study suggests that taking riboflavin along with niacin does not prevent stroke-related death in individuals at risk for stroke.
Improving the immune system
Keeping healthy skin and hair
Memory loss including Alzheimer’s illness
More proof is needed to rank the effectiveness of riboflavin for these uses
RIBOFLAVIN (VITAMIN B2) SIDE EFFECTS & SAFETY
Riboflavin is LIKELY SAFE for the majority of people when taken by mouth. In some individuals, riboflavin can cause the urine to turn a yellow-orange color. When taken in high doses, riboflavin may trigger diarrhea, a boost in urine, and opposite results.
Unique Precautions & Warnings:
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Riboflavin is LIKELY SAFE for pregnant or breast-feeding women when taken in the quantities recommended. The advised quantities are 1.4 mg each day for pregnant women and 1.6 mg daily in breast-feeding ladies. Riboflavin is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth in larger doses, short-term. Some research study shows that riboflavin is safe when taken at a dose of 15 mg once every 2 weeks for 10 weeks.
Hepatitis, Cirrhosis, Billary blockage: Riboflavin absorption is decreased in individuals with these conditions.
RIBOFLAVIN (VITAMIN B2) INTERACTIONS What is this?
Minor Interaction Be watchful with this combination
Drying medications (Anticholinergic drugs) interacts with RIBOFLAVIN
Some drying medications can impact the stomach and intestines. Taking these drying medications with riboflavin (vitamin B2) can increase the amount of riboflavin that is absorbed in the body. However it’s not understood if this interaction is very important.
Medications for depression (Tricyclic antidepressants) interacts with RIBOFLAVIN
Some medications for depression can reduce the quantity of riboflavin in the body. This interaction is not a huge concern due to the fact that it just occurs with huge amounts of some medications for anxiety.
Phenobarbital (Luminal) connects with RIBOFLAVIN
Riboflavin is broken down by the body. Phenobarbital might increase how quickly riboflavin is broken down in the body. It is not clear if this interaction is substantial.
Probenecid (Benemid) communicates with RIBOFLAVIN
Probenecid (Benemid) can enhance how much riboflavin is in the body. This may cause there to be too much riboflavin in the body. But it’s not known if this interaction is a huge concern.
RIBOFLAVIN (VITAMIN B2) DOSING
The following doses have actually been studied in scientific research study:
For dealing with low levels of riboflavin (riboflavin deficiency) in adults: 5-30 mg of riboflavin (Vitamin B2) daily in divided dosages.
For preventing migraine headache headaches: 400 mg of riboflavin (Vitamin B2) per day. It may take up to a trio of months to get best outcomes.
For avoiding cataracts: a daily nutritional consumption of around 2.6 mg of riboflavin (Vitamin B2) has been made use of. A combination of 3 mg of riboflavin (Vitamin B2) plus 40 mg of niacin daily has also been utilized.
The daily advised dietary allowances (RDAs) of riboflavin (Vitamin B2) are:
Infants 0-6 months 0.3 mg
infants 7-12 months 0.4 mg
children 1-3 years 0.5 mg
children 4-8 years 0.6 mg
youngsters 9-13 years 0.9 mg
men 14 years or older 1.3 mg
females 14-18 years 1 mg
females over 18 years 1.1 mg;
pregnant females 1.4 mg
breastfeeding females 1.6 mg