Vitamin A

What is Vitamin A

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin

2 various kinds of vitamin A are discovered in the diet plan. Preformed vitamin A is found in animal products such as meat, fish, poultry and dairy foods. The other type, pro-vitamin A is discovered in plant-based foods such as vegetables and fruits. The most typical kind of pro-vitamin A is beta-carotene.

Vitamin A is also offered in dietary supplements, normally through retinyl acetate or retinyl palmitate (preformed vitamin A), beta-carotene (pro-vitamin A) or a combination of preformed and pro-vitamin A.

Vitamin A helps form and maintain healthy skin, teeth, skeletal and soft tissue, mucus membranes, and skin. It is also known as retinol due to the fact that it produces the pigments in the retina of the eye.

Vitamin A promotes great vision, specifically in low light. It might also be required for recreation and breast-feeding.

Retinol is an active kind of vitamin A. It is discovered in animal liver, whole milk, and some strengthened foods.

Carotenoids are dark-colored dyes (pigments) found in plant foods that can turn into a form of vitamin A. There are more than 500 known carotenoids. One such carotenoid is beta-carotene.

Beta-carotene is an antioxidant. Anti-oxidants protect cells from damage dued to substances called free radicals. Free radicals are thought to contribute to particular chronic illness and contribute in the aging processes.
Food sources of carotenoids such as beta-carotene might reduce the danger for cancer.
Beta-carotene supplements do not appear to reduce cancer threat.
Food Sources
Vitamin An originates from animal sources, such as eggs, meat, strengthened milk, cheese, cream, liver, kidney, cod, and halibut fish oil. Nevertheless, all these sources– except for skim milk that has actually been fortified with Vitamin A– are high in hydrogenated fat and cholesterol.


Vitamin ASources of vitamin A

Bright yellow and orange fruits such as cantaloupe, pink grapefruit, and apricots. Veggies such as carrots, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, and winter season squash. Other sources of beta-carotene consist of broccoli, spinach, and many dark green, leafy veggies.
The more extreme the color of a fruit or vegetable, the greater the beta-carotene content. Vegetable sources of beta-carotene are fat- and cholesterol-free.


Negative effects
If you don’t get enough vitamin A, you are more probable to obtain infectious conditions and vision problems.

If you get too much vitamin A, you can become sick. Large doses of vitamin A can likewise trigger birth defects.

Severe vitamin A poisoning normally happens when an adult takes numerous hundred thousand IUs of vitamin A. Symptoms of chronic vitamin A poisoning might occur in grownups who frequently take more than 25,000 IU a day. Babies and kids are more conscious vitamin A, and can end up being sick after taking smaller dosages of vitamin A or vitamin A-containing products such as retinol (found in skin creams).

Huge quantities of beta-carotene will not make you sick. Nevertheless, enhanced quantities of beta-carotene can turn the skin yellow or orange. The skin color will return to regular as soon as you reduce your consumption of beta-carotene.


The best method to get the day-to-day requirement of important vitamins is to eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, fortified dairy foods, vegetables (dried beans), lentils, and entire grains.

The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine– Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) Recommended Intakes for Individuals of Vitamin A:

Babies (average consumption)

0 – 6 months: 400 micrograms daily (mcg/day).
7 – 12 months: 500 mcg/day.
The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for vitamins is how much of each vitamin the majority of people ought to get every day. The RDA for vitamins may be used as goals for each individual.

Kids (RDA)

1 – 3 years: 300 mcg/day
4 – 8 years: 400 mcg/day
9 – 13 years: 600 mcg/day

Teenagers and Adults (RDA)

Males age 14 and older: 900 mcg/day.
Females age 14 and older: 700 mcg/day.
Just how much of each vitamin you need depends upon your age and gender. Other aspects, such as pregnancy and your health, are likewise vital. Ask your physician what dose is very well for you.


Alternative Names
Retinol; Retinal; Retinoic acid; Carotenoids.